Our Services

What We Do

White & Smith, LLC offers a wide variety of products and services for our clients. Our multi-disciplinary skills allow us to manage a variety of legal and planning projects for our clients. These range from land use litigation, to development of planning policies and strategies, to implementation tools that help to bring a comprehensive plan or development proposal to life. These services are listed and more fully described below:
  • Land Use Litigation 
  • Plans and Strategies
  • Development Codes
  • Mediation Services
  • Military Overlays and Base Encroachment
  • Public Facilities and Infrastructure Finance
  • Specialized Planning Issues
  • Zoning and Use Issues

Land Use Litigation
We provide land use litigation, including trial practice, briefing before both trial and appellate courts, and expert witness testimony. Because we are certified planners as well as attorneys, we have the capability to provide expert witness testimony. Most attorneys cannot provide this service.


Plans and Strategies
Our firm can draft comprehensive planning policies that are enforceable. We can also work with other firms to provide geographic information systems (GIS) and data analysis where appropriate. White & Smith, LLC has a long history of collaboration with other planning firms to produce high quality documents.

Development Codes
Development codes, including zoning, subdivision, growth management, and innovative design regulations. The principals in our firm are nationally renowned for their work in this area. Our development codes have won awards, and are cited in several national publications as examples of the state of the art in code development. Unlike a typical law firm, our skills extend far beyond the ability to draft legally enforceable regulations. Our codes feature user-friendly language, graphics, matrices and other techniques to make ordinances more readable, and graphics. Our ability to produce graphics in-house distinguishes our firm from many law firms and planning firms alike.

Mediation Services 
In addition to his land use practice, Tyson Smith is a certified civil and family court mediator. Though he has an extensive background in the land use context, Mr. Smith also has experience mediating other types of civil cases. In addition, Mr. Smith has represented clients in mediations and complex, multi-party negotiations. He can be reached in our Charleston office. To learn more, visit White & Smith Mediation Services.

Military Overlays and Base Encroachment 
White & Smith develops practical solutions to potential conflicts between base operations and local government property interests.  An overlay we prepared on behalf of the "Homestead Air Reserve Base" recently was adopted by the City of Homestead by a unanimous vote of the City Council.  That overlay implemented the community's Air Installation Compatible Use Zone (AICUZ) and Joint Land Use studies (JLUS), as well as laws passed by the Florida Legislature in 2004 and 2010 to protect base operations.  We also have advised clients on taking avoidance, transferable development rights, noise, accident, and air obstruction avoidance techniques that protect base operations while also protecting private property rights.

Public Facilities and Infrastructure Finance
Many communities struggle to find financial resources to keep pace with new growth and development. Our principals have been extensively been involved in both calculating impact fees, and preparing ordinances to collect the fees. In addition to impact fees, the firm can address other techniques to finance the costs of new growth, including special assessments, development agreements, and excise taxes. Our principals have published and spoken extensively on these issues at a national level.

Specialized Planning Issues
Our principals are widely published and have extensive experience in specialized issues such as transportation, affordable housing, and urban design. Our principals have promoted affordable housing in both the public and private sectors. S. Mark White is the former president of a local nonprofit community development corporation (Westside Housing Organization), and has published extensively on of affordable housing and transportation issues. These issues are always at the forefront of any local government's efforts to revise its comprehensive planning and zoning regulations. We can provide specific advice on how to address these issues, as well as regulations that are effective and enforceable.

Zoning and Use Issues
Our principals have considerable experience in helping cities and counties address unique land use issues relating to particular uses. Examples include telecommunications facilities/cell towers, signs and billboards, animal feeding operations, churches, landfills, adult uses, and quarries. Our principals have represented private clients in addressing zoning issues, and we have developed expertise in crafting regulations to address these issues.

We Implement Comprehensive Plans!